European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 24 - Number 1
Eur J Anat, 24 (1): 57-62 (2020)

Using practical-based team-based learning (PTBL) as a tool forproviding an immediate feedback to the students during AnatomyEducation

Mohamed A. Eladl1, Abbas Jarrahi2

1Basic Medical Sciences Department, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE,2College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE

ABSTRACT Team-based learning (TBL) is a student-centered learning strategy, which has been confirmed in medical education to enhance learning. Neverthe-less, it has not been implemented during practical anatomy learning that challenges the spatial per-ception of the learned material in contrast to other disciplines. This study aims to present a novel in-tervention in using practical-based team-based learning (PTBL) in anatomy and its impact as a tool for providing immediate feedback. It also de-termines students’ perceptions of the PTBL and the effect of the given feedback on anatomy learn-ing. The students were subjected to a formative objective structured practical examination (OSPE) in two successive formats: individual readiness assurance test (iRAT) and team readiness assur-ance test (tRAT). In the iRAT, individual students rotated around the practical stations in the form of a steeplechase examination. For the subsequent tRAT, groups of 5 students rotated around the same practical stations. The session was conclud-ed by discussing the practical stations with the tu-tor and immediate feedback about the students’ performance was provided along with an explana-tion of the reasoning behind judgments and practi-cal assessment criteria. Students’ perception(N=90) was measured through a self-administered questionnaire and a comparison of test scores. There was a significant rise in the average final summative OSPE scores of the students (p-value=0.029) comparing their results to the previ-ous semester in which PTBL was not implement-ed, concluding that PTBL is a valuable pedagogi-cal instrument that can be employed as an effec-tive method for providing immediate feedback dur-ing anatomy education.

Keywords: Anatomy practical – TBL – Active learning – Action learning – Peer teaching

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)