European Journal of Anatomy

Official Journal of The Spanish Society of Anatomy
Cover Volume 22 - Number 6
Eur J Anat, 22 (6): 509-514 (2018)

Tricuspid valve complex- a study on its variations in North Indian population and clinical implications

Badal Singh1, Krishna Pandey1, A.K. Singh1, Hina Kausar2, Akanksha Singh1

1Department of Anatomy, M. L. N. Medical College, Allahabad, India, 2Department of Anatomy, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, India

ABSTRACT Since cardiovascular diseases are emerging as major causes of morbidity and mortality in the modern era, emphasis is laid on understanding normal as well as variant cardiac anatomy. Moreover, the advancement in diagnostic and therapeutic cardio-invasive techniques have prompted the revision of our existing knowledge and understanding about fine details of atrio-ventricular, valvular and chordo-papillary complexes. This study is an endeavour to establish the morphology of the tricuspid valve and chordo-papillary complex of the right ventricle in north Indian population and to compare it with previously provided data by different researchers. The study was conducted using 52 formalin-fixed adult human hearts. The presence, number, shapes, length, number of additional heads of the papillary muscles were observed. The morphology of the tricuspid valve was also noted. The morphology and morphometry of the tricuspid valve and papillary muscles were defined. Awareness of such information, whether normal or variant, is considered a prerequisite for successful, uncomplicated cardiac surgeries and interventional radiology.

Keywords: Tricuspid valve Papillary muscle Morphology Chordae tendineae Right ventricle

European Journal of anatomy
ISSN 2340-311X (Online)